8 Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

The human brain is responsible for a number of important functions; any injury to it can be detrimental to our day-to-day life. Although the skull does a good job of protecting it from outside elements and harm, unfortunately, it can only do so much. At a certain point, trauma can injure your brain, causing irreparable damage.

In this article, we'll discuss 8 types of traumatic brain injuries commonly seen in the medical field.

1. Concussion

Concussions are the main type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) medical professionals see. This occurs when your head's been hit with a considerable amount of force. Concussions can result from either someone hitting you or an object striking you with force and speed, such as a tennis ball.

A concussion is basically an injury where your brain is shaken up. Symptoms include a headache, loss of consciousness, confusion, amnesia regarding the time around your injury, dizziness, ringing in your ears, nausea, and vomiting.

If you get concussions often, you're at a higher risk of developing chronic traumatic encephalopathy. This condition can alter your personality and brain function for the rest of your life.

2. Contusion

A contusion is a cut on your brain, meaning you have slight bleeding at the site. Contusions are often seen in people who sustain concussions.

While smaller contusions can heal and go away on their own, you may need surgical intervention with larger contusions. You'll also need surgery to remove your contusion if it doesn't stop bleeding on its own.

The health consequences resulting from a contusion vary, since you can have either a very mild or severe case. It also depends on where your contusion is located on your brain and how long it's there for.

3. Coup-Contrecoup

A coup-contrecoup is a type of contusion, but more specific. It is an injury you sustain when you experience a heavy blow on one side of your head and it slams into something on the other side. As a result, you have injuries on both sides of your brain.

Coup-contrecoup TBIs are often seen in people who've been in car accidents or are in abusive relationships. These injuries are very serious and symptoms include a headache, unconsciousness, seizures, troubles with memory, sensitivity to both light and noise, slurred speech, nausea, and vomiting.

Recovery is quite extensive, so it's crucial you seek medical treatment as soon as you've had a blow to your head.

4. Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI)

A DAI is very similar to a concussion but is an injury that is much more serious and urgently needs treatment. While a concussion involves just shaking of your brain, DAIs involve rotational forces, which can twist and also break connections between your brain cells.

Not only can strong rotational forces cause injury, but so can violent stops. Either one can cause tears in your brain, and the resulting brain damage can be so grievous it can result in death.

Symptoms include dizziness, headache, drowsiness, disorientation, loss of consciousness, nausea, and vomiting.

5. Shaken Baby Syndrome

This is a type of TBI that occurs in babies and infants who are mistreated by their caregivers. It is like a DAI but has more trauma involved. Not only can there be tears in the brain, but there can also be hemorrhaging and instances of strokes.

Symptoms of a child who have shaken baby syndrome include drowsiness, irritation, seizures, paralysis, lack of appetite, breathing problems, and vomiting. If the abuse is severe enough, or if it's gone on for a long time, it can result in death in most cases. For babies who survive shaking, many end up with long-term brain damage.

6. Intracranial Hematoma

There are three types of intracranial hematomas: epidural (between the skull and brain), subdural (under the protective layer of the brain), and intracerebral (inside the brain). Hematomas are a type of brain bleed that can develop after you've had a head injury.

If you have an intracranial hematoma, you may experience slurred speech, pupils that differ in size, a headache that keeps getting worse, and vomiting. If you have any of the above symptoms, seek the help of a doctor straight away. Left untreated, this type of TBI can be fatal.

7. Skull Fracture

Your skull can fracture if you've hit it on a surface or if someone's assaulted you with a heavy object. There are three types: linear (thin line or crack), depressed (break or crush), and basilar (base of your brain).

While this can lead to other types of TBIs, it can also facilitate an environment for infection to happen. Linear skull fractures aren't usually too serious, but the other two types will require medical intervention.

With a basilar skull fracture, it can cause a leak of cerebral spinal fluid. While there aren't many initial complications, it can lead to more serious symptoms, like seizures.

8. Second Impact Syndrome

You can develop second impact syndrome when you have one TBI close to another one. Since your brain's already injured and weakened from the first TBI, the second one can have severe consequences, even if it wouldn't have been serious on its own.

Should you have another traumatic brain injury within a few months of the first one, make an appointment with your doctor right away. Even if you didn't lose consciousness, you need to have an examination to make sure your brain is doing already after such frequent occurrences of injury.

Know the Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

By knowing the different types of traumatic brain injuries that can happen, it can help you recognize the symptoms and get medical treatment in a timely fashion. If you have any signs of a TBI, make sure you get yourself to a doctor as soon as possible, as it can have severe and potentially fatal consequences if left untreated.

If you've sustained a traumatic brain injury and would like legal help in getting compensation, get in touch with our legal office now

Jake Steven